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2015年7月美国专利申请:溶胶-凝胶法

2015-JULY US PATENT APPLICATIONS: SOL-GEL

20150210871

SOL-GEL INK AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

A method for producing a sol-gel ink, in particular from TEOS and MTEOS, is provided. The method includes adding inorganic particles as a filler and adding a high-boiling solvent.

20150210586

TRANSLUCENT GLAZING COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE PATTERN THAT IS PREFERABLY TRANSPARENT

A glazing, which may be translucent, includes at least one design, which may be transparent. The glazing includes a substrate having two main outer surfaces, at least one of which is a textured surface, made of a dielectric material having a refractive index n1 and at least a part of the textured surface of the substrate is coated with a sol-gel layer made of a dielectric material having a refractive index n2.

20150202829

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR OPTICAL SUBSTRATE USING FILM SHAPED MOLD, MANUFACTURING DEVICE, AND OPTICAL SUBSTRATE OBTAINED THEREBY 

A method for producing an optical substrate includes: a step of preparing a long film-shaped mold having a concave-convex pattern surface having a concave-convex pattern; a step of forming a coating film made of a sol-gel material on the concave-convex pattern surface of the film-shaped mold; a step of adhering the coating film, which is formed on the concave-convex pattern surface of the film-shaped mold, to a substrate by arranging the concave-convex pattern surface of the film-shaped mold on which the coating film made of the sol-gel material is formed to face the substrate and by pressing a pressing roll against a surface of the film-shaped mold on a side opposite to the concave-convex pattern surface; a step of releasing the film-shaped mold from the coating film; and a step of curing the coating film adhered to the substrate.

20150201799

Sol-Gel Coating Comprising Anisotropic Particles and Culinary Article Provided with such a Coating 

Provided is a vitreous coating comprising at least one layer embodied in the form of a continuous film of sol-gel material comprising a matrix formed from at least one metal polyalkoxylate and wherein anisotropically-shaped particles are dispersed, said layer comprising at least one area wherein the particles are particles predominantly inclined by an angle (.alpha.) of between 20.degree. and 90.degree. relative to the median plane of the film. The subject matter of the present invention also comprises a method of manufacturing such a coating, and a culinary article one of the surfaces of which is coated with such a coating.

20150197856

USE OF TITANIA PRECURSOR COMPOSITION PATTERN

A conductive metal pattern can be formed using a titania sol-gel obtained from a titania precursor composition having (a) a titanium alkoxide or titanium aryloxide, (b) a R(O).sub.mCOCH.sub.2CO(O).sub.nR' compound wherein R and R' are independently alkyl and m and n are independently 0 or 1, (c) water, (d) either an acid having a pK.sub.a less than 1 or a source of a halogen, and (e) a water-miscible organic solvent, on a substrate, wherein the molar amounts of (a) through (d) are sufficient to form a pattern of a titania sol-gel upon drying on the substrate. This pattern is contacted with electroless seed metal ions to form a pattern of electroless seed metal ions deposited within the pattern of titania sol-gel on the substrate, which electroless seed metal ions are exposed to electromagnetic radiation to reduce the electroless seed metal. The article is then subjected to electroless metal plating.

20150197839

FORMING CONDUCTIVE PATTERN USING TITANIA SOL-GEL 

A conductive metal pattern is formed using a layer of a titania sol-gel formed from a titania precursor composition of (a) a titanium alkoxide or titanium aryloxide, (b) R(O).sub.mCOCH.sub.2CO(O).sub.nR' wherein R and R' are independently alkyl having at least 1 carbon atom, and m and n are independently 0 or 1, (c) water, (d) either an acid having a pK.sub.a less than 1 or a source of a halogen, and (e) a water-miscible organic solvent, on a substrate, to form a layer of a titania sol-gel on the substrate. The layer is contacted with electroless seed metal ions to provide a layer of electroless seed metal ions, imagewise exposed to form non-exposed regions and exposed regions. The electroless seed metal ions in the non-exposed regions are removed and the electroless seed metal nuclei within the titania sol-gel in the exposed regions are then electrolessly plated with a conductive metal.

20150192707

TRANSPARENT ELEMENT WITH DIFFUSE REFLECTION COMPRISING A SOL-GEL LAYER

A transparent layered element with diffuse reflection properties includes two outer layers made of dielectric materials having substantially the same refractive index and a central layer intercalated between the two outer layers, formed either from a single layer which is a dielectric layer with a refractive index different from that of the outer layers or a metallic layer, or from a stack of layers which includes at least one dielectric layer with a refractive index different from that of the outer layers or a metallic layer. The upper outer layer is a sol-gel layer including a silica-based organic/inorganic hybrid matrix.

20150191392

GLASS OR GLASS-CERAMIC COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

A method for producing a glass or glass ceramic composite material with a metallic decorative appearance is provided. The method includes: applying a layer onto a glass or glass ceramic substrate, the layer comprising a sol-gel and/or a polysiloxane; patterning the layer; and applying a metallic-looking layer onto the patterned layer.

20150190792

CONTROLLED GROWTH OF MTT ZEOLITE BY MICROWAVE-ASSISTED HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS 

This invention relates a process for preparing MTT zeolites which process includes the preparation of a sol-gel from an aluminate solution, mixing a structure directing agent with the sol-gel to form a structure directing mixture, mixing a silica with the structure directing mixture to form a reaction mixture, heating the reaction mixture in a microwave reactor to form an initial zeolite, and removing the structure directing agent to form the MTT zeolite. The invention also relates to MTT zeolites produced by the process, including ZSM-23 zeolites, as well as zeolite membranes, coating and catalysts.

20150185644

MAGNETIC TONER 

It is intended to provide magnetic toner that produces a stable image density in long-term use and can prevent ghosting under conditions of low-temperature and low-humidity. The present invention provides magnetic toner including magnetic toner particles each containing a binder resin, a magnetic material and a releasing agent, and silica fine particles, wherein the silica fine particles include silica fine particles A and B, the silica fine particles A have a number-average particle size of 5-20 nm as primary particles, the silica fine particles B are produced by a sol-gel method, and have a number-average particle size of 40-200 nm as primary particles, an abundance ratio of secondary particles of the silica fine particles B is 5-40% by number, and a coverage ratio X1 of the surface of the magnetic toner particles with the silica fine particles determined by ESCA is 40.0-75.0% by area.

20150185643

DEVELOPING APPARATUS, DEVELOPING METHOD, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD 

The present invention provides a developing apparatus including a toner, a toner carrying member and a regulating member, wherein the toner is a magnetic toner including a toner particle, a first fine silica particle having a number average primary particle diameter of 5 to 20 nm and a second fine silica particle having a number average primary particle diameter of 40 to 200 nm, the second fine silica particle is a fine silica particle produced by a sol-gel method, the toner has a total energy of 270 to 355 mJ/(g/ml), the toner carrying member has a substrate, an elastic layer and a surface layer including a urethane resin, and the urethane resin has a partial structure derived from a reaction of a particular amine type compound with a polyisocyanate.

20150183999

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING HYDROPHOBIC ANTIFOULING COATING MATERIAL AND METHOD OF FORMING HYDROPHOBIC ANTIFOULING COATING FILM 

A method of manufacturing a hydrophobic antifouling coating material, including: (a) mixing a sol-gel precursor, water, an aqueous colloidal silica suspension, and a catalyst to perform a sol-gel reaction to form a solution having particles therein, wherein the sol-gel reaction is performed without addition of any organic solvent; (b) chemically modifying the particles with a hydrophobic agent to form surface-modified particles; and (c) adding a surfactant to the solution containing the surface-modified particles to form a hydrophobic antifouling coating material. The hydrophobic antifouling coating material can be dispersed in an aqueous solution, and has properties such as low VOC (Volatile organic compound) value, high solid content, and high stability.


20150210871

溶胶-凝胶法生产相同的墨水和方法

一种生产方法溶胶-凝胶法墨水,特别是来自teo MTEOS,。 该方法包括添加无机粒子作为填料,加入高沸点溶剂。

20150210586

半透明的玻璃组成的至少一个模式,蕞好是透明的

玻璃,这可能是半透明的,包括至少一个设计,这可能是透明的。 玻璃包括衬底有两个主要的外表面,至少其中一个是布纹面,由介电材料的折射率n1和至少一部分变形衬底表面涂上一种溶胶-凝胶法层的介电材料折射率n2。

20150202829

使用膜形状的模具为光学基板的制造方法,生产设备,从而获得光学基片

生产光学基片的方法包括:步骤的准备很长的film-shaped模具有凹凸图案表面有凹凸模式;一步形成涂膜制成的溶胶-凝胶法材料表面凹凸模式film-shaped模具;一步坚持涂膜,形成的凹凸图案表面film-shaped模具,安排的衬底表面凹凸模式film-shaped模具涂层的电影的溶胶-凝胶法材料形成面对衬底和按下一个紧迫的辊表面film-shaped模具表面凹凸图案的边;一步的释放film-shaped模具涂层薄膜;和固化涂层的一步电影坚持底物。

20150201799

溶胶-凝胶涂层组成的各向异性粒子和烹饪的文章提供了这样的涂层

提供的是一个玻璃涂层包括至少一层的形式体现在一个连续的电影溶胶-凝胶法材料组成一个矩阵形成的至少一个金属polyalkoxylate和其中anisotropically-shaped粒子分散,表示层包括至少一个领域中粒子的粒子主要是斜的角(.alpha)20.度之间。 和90.度。 相对于电影的正中面。 本发明的主题也包括制造这种涂层的方法,和一个烹饪一条表面的涂上涂料。

20150197856

使用二氧化钛前体组合模式

导电金属模式可以使用二氧化钛形成溶胶-凝胶法从二氧化钛获得前体成分(a)一个钛醇盐或钛aryloxide,(b)R(O).sub.mCOCH.sub.2CO .sub(O)。 nR复合在R和R的独立独立烷基和m和n是0或1,(c)水、酸有pK.sub(d)。 小于1或卤素源,(e)水溶性液体有机溶剂,衬底,其中的摩尔量(a)通过(d)二氧化钛的足以形成一个模式溶胶-凝胶法在干燥在衬底上。 此模式与化学联系种子金属离子形成一种化学种子内金属离子沉积二氧化钛的模式溶胶-凝胶法底物,化学种子金属离子接触电磁辐射,减少化学金属种子。 这篇文章然后进行化学镀的金属。

20150197839

使用二氧化钛溶胶-凝胶法形成导电模式

使用一层导电金属模式形成的二氧化钛溶胶-凝胶法形成的二氧化钛前体成分(a)钛醇盐或钛aryloxide,(b)R(O).sub.mCOCH.sub.2CO .sub(O)。 nR在R和R的烷基碳原子有至少1独立,独立和m和n是0或1,(c)水、酸有pK.sub(d)。 小于1或卤素源,(e)水溶性液体有机溶剂,在基板上,形成一层二氧化钛溶胶-凝胶法在衬底上。 层与金属离子化学种子联系,提供一层化学种子金属离子,imagewise接触形式别地区和暴露的地区。 化学种子别地区的金属离子被二氧化钛和化学种子金属核溶胶-凝胶法然后暴露地区化学镀导电金属。

20150192707

透明的元素组成的漫反射溶胶-凝胶层

透明层元素具有漫反射特性包括两个外层由介电材料在实质上相同的折射率和中心层之间插入两个外层,形成从一层是一个介电层的折射率不同,外层或金属层,或从一堆层包括至少一个介电层的折射率不同,外层或金属层。 上面的外层是一个溶胶-凝胶法层包括一个硅基有机/无机杂化矩阵。

20150191392

玻璃或微晶玻璃复合材料和生产方法相同

一个方法生产玻璃或玻璃陶瓷复合材料与金属装饰外观。 方法包括:应用一层到玻璃或玻璃陶瓷基片、层组成溶胶-凝胶法层和/或聚硅氧烷;模式;并应用metallic-looking层图案层上。

20150190792

控制增长的MTT微波水热合成沸石

这项发明涉及流程准备MTT沸石的制备过程包括溶胶-凝胶法从铝酸盐溶液,混合结构指导代理的溶胶-凝胶法形成一个结构指导混合物,混合的二氧化硅结构指导形成反应混合物,混合物加热微波反应器的反应混合物形成蕞初的沸石,和删除指导代理形成MTT沸石结构。 产生的发明也与MTT沸石过程,包括ZSM-23沸石,以及沸石膜、涂料和催化剂。

20150185644

磁性碳粉

它旨在提供磁性碳粉能产生一个稳定的图像密度条件下长期使用,可以防止重影的低温和低湿度。 本发明提供磁性碳粉包括每个包含磁性碳粉颗粒粘结剂树脂、磁性材料和释放剂,硅微粒,其中二氧化硅微粒包括二氧化硅微粒a和B,有相对的二氧化硅微粒粒径的5 - 20 nm初级粒子,二氧化硅微粒B所产生溶胶-凝胶法方法,有一个相对粒径40 - 200海里的初级粒子,一个次级粒子的相对丰度的二氧化硅微粒B是5 - 40%的数字,和覆盖率X1的磁性碳粉颗粒表面的二氧化硅微粒由能谱由区域40.0 - -75.0%。

20150185643

开发仪器,开发方法,图像形成装置以及图像形成方法

本发明提供了一种开发装置包括碳粉、碳粉携带成员和管理成员,其中碳粉是一个磁性碳粉包括碳粉粒子,第一次罚款二氧化硅粒子数量平均初级粒子直径的5到20 nm和第二个细二氧化硅粒子有数量平均初级粒子直径40到200海里,第二好的二氧化硅粒子是一个好的二氧化硅粒子产生的溶胶-凝胶法方法,碳粉的总能量为270到355 mJ /(g / ml),碳粉携带成员衬底,弹性层和表层包括聚氨酯树脂和聚氨酯树脂结构部分来源于特定胺类型的反应与聚异氰酸酯化合物。

20150183999

制造业疏水防污涂层材料和方法形成疏水防污涂料膜的方法

疏水防污涂层材料的制造方法,包括:(一)混合溶胶-凝胶法前体、水、水硅胶悬挂和催化剂来执行溶胶-凝胶法反应形成一个解决方案有颗粒,其中溶胶-凝胶法没有添加任何有机溶剂反应执行;(b)化学与疏水性代理修改粒子形成基团粒子;和(c)中添加表面活性剂的解决方案包含基团的粒子形成一个疏水防污涂料。 疏水防污涂料可以分散在水溶液中,和属性,如低VOC(挥发性有机化合物)值,高固体含量和高稳定性。


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